The public square at Utpal Dutta Sarani enables an intensified feeding mechanism that spatially restrains foraging activities of an exploding pigeon population, preventing destructive impacts on urban nature.
The art value of the co-created landscape cannot be ignored. The biological growth elevates the value of the wall into that of a unique sculpture.
Hollow Ecosystems (HES) can encourage a healthy population of birds within urban areas as well as add value of wonderment to architectural projects.
A tour of the old city of Calcutta reveals that while biological growth can threaten to destroy buildings' structures, conservation and management of growth can also enhance the age-value and identity of the city.
If cities can be programmed with the character of wilderness, the urban can draw benefits of wonderment, motion, colour and interaction.
It was February 7 2018, when animal screams outside my bedroom door woke me up in the middle of the night.
We are happy to introduce our newest contributing editor to the Expanded Environment - Amartya Deb. Amartya comes to us from India often writing from locations in Dehli, Calcutta, Bangladesh and elsewhere.