We here at Animal Architecture are some-what embarrassed that it’s taken us this long to post on the American Bird Conservancy. Formed in 1994, the American Bird Conservancy has been protecting native birds and their habitats throughout the Americas. Part of this ongoing effort has led them to write and issue the American Bird Conservancy Bird Friendly Design Guides. These guides act as a “best-practices” for architects, designers, developers and planners when constructing buildings to be bird-friendly or at least bird-safe.
These standard guidelines have now been in print for several years have been adopted, edited and rewritten by several municipalities around the US and Canada. We’ve summarized the major points here but please take the time to read the details within each pdf. In general the biggest concern is bird collisions with glass facades. To eliminate these fatal events researchers and ornithologists have developed a series of design guidelines and case-studies that can be referred to when designing structures to be more sensitive to birds and bird movement.
According to ABC’s Bird-Friendly Building Standards a bird-friendly building is one where:
- At least 90% of exposed façade material from ground level to 40 feet (the primary bird collision zone) has been demonstrated in controlled experiments to deter 70% or more of bird collisions
- At least 60% of exposed façade material above the collisions zone meets the above standard
- There are no transparent passageways or corners, or atria or courtyards that can trap birds
- Outside lighting is appropriately shielded and directed to minimize attraction to nightmigrating songbirds
- Interior lighting is turned off at night or designed to minimize light escaping through windows
- Landscaping is designed to keep birds away from the building’s façade
- Actual bird mortality is monitored and compensated for (e.g., in the form of habitat preserved or created elsewhere, mortality from other sources reduced, etc.)
Additional design guides are linked here below. Please download and distribute.
- American Bird Conservancy Bird-friendly_Building_Guide_WEB
- Leed Bird Friendly Design
- Bird Friendly Design-Portland
- Bird Safe Guidlines, NYC
We applaud these guidelines but would like to encourage design leaders, ornithologists, animal behaviorists, urban planners and the general public to think more holistically about engaging non-human agents in the design of the built environment. While certainly designing in a manner that reduces animal deaths by signaling dangerous situations for non-human life is laudable we’d ask our design-leaders to go one step further. What would design guidelines encouraging bird-interaction look like? How can we re-write these codes to invite or activate greater avian participation, in our or designs. Additionally where are the advocates for the host of other urban animals that co-exist with us? Where are the design guidelines for mammals, insects and aquatic life? Hopefully we will see more of this in the near future!
Image courtesy of the Minnesota Audubon Society.
The wikipedia page on the ABC can be found here.